One of the most devastating disasters a homeowner can face is basement flooding or excessive dampness. Typically, our basements are used as storage for valuable items. In other cases, basements have been finished and are used as home offices, gyms, or recreation lounges. So any water flooding the basement can cause significant damage to both the property and one’s belongings. Fortunately, there is a simple solution to this problem: a sumppump. Sump pumps are a type of water pump that is placed in an excavated hole (called a sump pit) in the basement. As groundwater levels rise after snowmelt or rainfall, the hole fills. However, as the water rises, the sump pump activates, pumping the excess groundwater up through piping and safely away from the house.
Kinds of Sump Pumps
There are several different types of sump pumps all of which were designed to pump water out before it reaches the level of your basement floor. There are two types of sump pumps: pedestal and submersible. A pedestal pump has the motor mounted above the pit, where it is more easily serviced but also more conspicuous. The submersible pump is entirely mounted inside the pit, and is sealed to prevent electrical short circuits:
- submersible: the pump is submerged in water
- pedestal: the pump motor is placed above the water level
- water-powered: relies on water pressure to power the pump rather than electricity.
Liberty Sump Pumps
Liberty Pumps is a leading U.S. manufacturer of pumping products for ground water and wastewater removal in residential and commercial applications. Handling fluid temperatures of up to 200° F, Liberty’s HT40-series submersible pump is designed for hot water applications such as boiler blow-down pits, condensate pits and high temperature water transfer. Other features include all cast iron housings, epoxy powder coat finish and a high temperature float.
Selecting the Right Sump Pump
Installing a sump pump can save your home from hundreds or even thousands of dollars of damage. The only thing required is some regular maintenance and cleaning of the pump. Make sure that all the dirt, gravel or sand brought in by the water is removed at least every four or five years. It might be a good idea to do this once a year if you live in a very sandy or muddy area where your sump pump runs a lot. Dirt can prevent the check valve from opening which again can burn out the pump. Choosing the right pump depends on the application:
- Sump Pumps: A sump pump is used in applications where excess rainwater or groundwater needs to be pumped away from a particular area. A sump pump sits inside a basin (also known as a sump pit) that collects this excess water.
- Drain Pumps: A drain pump is used to pump the water from a sink, most commonly in laundry tray applications.
- Sewage Pumps: A sewage pump is used to pump wastewater (with solids) that is typically generated from bathroom use in residential or commercial applications.
- Effluent Pumps: An effluent pump is typically used in septic tank applications. Effluent is the gray wastewater that remains after the solids settle out.
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